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Sunday, May 31, 2015

Ned Buntline-- history, photo and story

By on Sunday, May 31, 2015
Born Edward Zane Carroll Judson
March 20, 1821/1823
Ned Buntline
Harpersfield, New York, USA
Died July 18, 1886 (aged 63–65)
Stamford, New York
Occupation Dime novelist; Author
Spouse Seberina Escudero, Annie Abigail Bennett, Marie Gardiner, Katharine Myers Aitchison, Lovanche L. Swart, Anna Fuller
PART-I
Children Mary Carrolita Briggs, Irene Elizabeth Brush, Alexander McClintock, Edwardina McCormick, Irene A. Judson, Edward Z. C. Judson, Jr.
Edward Zane Carroll Judson, Sr. (March 20, 1821/1823 – July 16, 1886), known as E. Z. C. Judson and by his pseudonym Ned Buntline, was an American publisher, journalist, writer, and publicist. In his largely fictionalized biography, Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal, author Stuart Lake credits Buntline with having commissioned from Colt's Manufacturing Company a Colt Buntline Special that he gave to Wyatt Earp and four other famous Western lawmen in thanks for their help with contributing “local color” to his many dozens of western yarns. But modern researchers have not found any supporting evidence of the gun's existence prior to the publication of Lake's book from secondary sources or in available primary documentation.
Naval and military experience
In November 1834, Edward Judson ran away to sea as a cabin boy and the next year shipped on board a Navy ship. A number of years later he rescued the crew of a boat that had been run down by a Fulton Ferry in New York's East River. As a result, he received a commission as midshipman in the Navy from U.S. President Van Buren on February 10, 1838, and was assigned to the USS Levant. He later served on the USS Constellation and the USS Boston.

As a seaman, he served in the Seminole Wars, though he saw little combat. After four years at sea, he resigned. During the Civil War, he served as an enlisted man in the 1st New York Mounted Rifles and rose to the rank of sergeant before he was dishonorably discharged for drunkenness.
PART-II
Judson's first literary efforts began with a story of adventure in the Knickerbocker in 1838. He spent several years in the east starting up newspapers and story papers, only to have most of them fail. An early success that helped launch his fame was a gritty serial story of the Bowery and slums of New York City titled The Mysteries and Miseries of New York. He was an opinionated man, and strongly advocated nativism and temperance; he also became a leader in the Know Nothing movement. In 1844, he adopted the pen name "Ned Buntline" (buntline being the nautical term for a rope at the bottom of a square sail).

In 1845, Buntline's Cincinnati venture Western Literary Journal and Monthly Magazine was facing bankruptcy, and he fled from Ohio. In Eddyville, Kentucky, he collected a $600 bounty for single-handedly capturing two murderers. He moved on to Nashville, Tennessee and used the money to start his own magazine, Ned Buntline's Own.

Buntline had a romance with the teenaged wife of Robert Porterfield in Nashville in 1846. On 14 March 1846, Porterfield challenged Buntline to a duel, and Buntline killed him. At Buntline's murder trial, Porterfield's brother shot and wounded him. This allowed Buntline to escape in the chaos. He was subsequently captured by a lynch mob and hanged from an awning. He was rescued by friends, and the Tennessee grand jury refused to indict him for murder. He moved Ned Buntline's Own to New York City in 1848.

He was one of the instigators of the Astor Place Riot through his columns and his association with New York City's notorious gangs of the early 19th century. That riot left twenty-three people dead, and he was sentenced to a $250 fine and a year's imprisonment in September 1849. After his release, he devoted himself to writing sensational stories for weekly newspapers, and his income from this source is said to have amounted to $20,000 a year. He was later involved in a nativist riot in St. Louis, while he was a member of the Know Nothing Party.

Although a heavy drinker, he traveled around the country giving lectures about temperance, and was an ardent Republican until the election of 1884, when he refused to support James G. Blaine. It was on one of his temperance lecture tours that he encountered William F. Cody.

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