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Monday, October 30, 2017

Congress turned HP into land of corruption and mafias: Amit Shah

By on Monday, October 30, 2017
Congress dubbed BJP, 'A cavalcade without the groom in Himachal Pradesh'

Mr Amit Shah, BJP National President, addressed a public meeting in  Chamba District Himanchal Pradesh on Monday.  Mr shah targeted congress government  in the state. he said that the state was chief tourist place of India, but the state congress rule of five years has turned it into the  land of the corruption and the mafias.
he also showed here a development vision; but alleged on CM, Virbhadra,  and added that he had begun many projects with the 'Bhoomi Pujan', but he did not inaugurated it.

Shah said the Vibhadra Singh government in last five years made Himachal No 1 in crime rate, No I  in mafia activities in mining and  No. 1 in corruption in several other aspects. All the corruption elements are going about their business freely under their patronage, he added.

The Vibhadra Singh government took a loan of Rs 20000 crore for the development of the state but that money was not used anywhere but siphoned off, Shah said.

The BJP President said its ironical that Rahul Baba is asking for an account of Modi government’s work in last three years at the centre but UPA govt. which indulged in corruption and scams of Rs. 12 lakh crore never bothered to explain their performance. We BJP people are not afraid of giving any details as we have done real work on the ground, Shah said.
he gave the clean chit to  the union government and said it has launched a new welfare scheme for the people of country, but the state government of Himanchal Pradesh did not let the benefits reach here.
he added the congress party always played with the security of the country.
He said, “We have given details of our work at the Centre to the people. Now when Rahul Baba comes to Himachal Pradesh next he should give details of the performance of the Virbhadra Singh govt. in the last 5 years in the state.”

HP CM, Virbhadra Singh, addressed 4 Public meeting in district Mandi on Monday. He said, "Whoever does the development, votes are given to them." The congress government has done unprecedented development during it 5 years tenure.
The state congress will again repeat in power for its development works. He also appealed to the public to vote for congress candidates. He taunted on BJP and dubbed it a cavalcade without the groom.
He said that many groups claimant on CM post in BJP can be seen clearly. He also claimed that the congress is together in the fray. He has hoped that the people of state will franchise its votes to uphold the development agendas of congress on November 9.

Investigative agency and law are to accuse someone on terror -- not by any political leader: Ahmed Patel

By on Monday, October 30, 2017
The most intimate and trusted lieutenant to Sonia Gandhi, MP, Ahmed Patel has knocked the door of Home Ministry. Ahmad Patel has sought through a letter to HM a fair inquiry in the whole matter.
Ahmad Patel said in his letter that the matter is of national security so there must not be politics over such serious matter. Ahmad patel surrounded the Gujrat BJP government and claimed its allegation is baseless.
Ahmed Patel said to union home minister through the letter, "The Home Minister should order a probe in this matter through the concerning investigative agency, and the accused must be punished.".
Ahmed Patel has said that it is the duty of the investigative agency and the judiciary to accuse someone on terror -- not of any political leader who, having called a press conference, alleged for it.
The Gujarat Chief Minister, Vijay Rupani, had slapped serious allegation over Mr Ahmad Patel, a Congress leader, on Friday last week. Rupani alleged that the ATS had arrested, which IS terrorist, from the hospital that was protected by congress leader Ahmad Patel.
He had said this terrorist had been intending to execute a big incident in Ahmdabad. The suspected terrorist, Mohd Kasim, was working where (Bharooch hospital) is under Ahmad Patel’s controlling. However Congress has clarified it that Ahmad had resigned in 2014 from here. Ahmad Patel has dismissed the allegations.

Friday, October 27, 2017

Chhattisgarh Congress condemns arrest of journalist over Minister's alleged sex CD case

By on Friday, October 27, 2017
A senior journalist, Vinod Verma, has been arrested on Friday early morning from his residence at Ghaziabad UP. The arrest of Verma has been done by Chhattisgarh police in connection with the allegation of blackmailing of a State Minister’s sex CD.
Mr Verma had telephoned on a companion of minister this week and sought the money. a case has been registered against Mr Verma in Pandari police station at Raipur in this connection. Chhattisgarh police on this basis raided a Delhi shop and seized the prints of 1000 alleged CD from the possession.
According to the police, Verma’s residence at Indirapuram Ghaziabad was raided by police after quizzing with the shopkeeper, and the police arrested Vinod Verma from here. Many CD prints of Minister's alleged sex scandal have been recovered from Verma’s possession. Even his Laptop and pen drive have also been taken in police possession.
Vinod Verma is the former BBC journalist. He has been editor to Amar Ujala Digital section. He is member of Editors’ guild of India at present and is working as freelance journalist now.
State Congress president, Bhupesh Baghel, has condemned this arrest. He said, “The Minister’s sex CD was surfaced last week. The CD is also available here. We are verifying it authenticity.  Any person's CD being found in possession of anybody is not an offense which has been capped over Mr Verma." The action shows that the BJP government is trying to vanish the matter.

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Foreign tourists attacked in Agra; Foreign Minister condemns this barbaric act

By on Thursday, October 26, 2017
Sushma Swaraj seeks report from UP government
Once again foreign tourists have been attacked in Fatehpur Sikari under district of Agra. The Swiss couple was targeted by Lathis thrash and then was stoned. The couple was wounded seriously after the attack. They have been admitted in Apollo hospital at Delhi.
Quinton Zermi Clark, resident of Luzerne Switzerland, had landed to visit India with his girl friend Merry Dross on September last month.
During this period they visited Agra. Some local youths began to follow them, as duos were wandering in Fatehpur Sikari this Sunday. These youths reached the railway station behind them. They tossed comments over them and subsequently, halting them on way, they asked for a Selfie in tenacity.
As Clark forbade youths doing so, the youths began to scuffle; and they attacked over the foreign tourists by Lathis.
Both of the couple was brutally beaten first, and later they were stoned. quinton’s head sustained injuries – they fell on the spot in profuse bleeding.
Merry, his girl-friend, also sustained injuries. The brutality over the Swiss tourists did not end here. The crowd was mere bystander there instead to help them and many of them kept on shooting the videos. Both of them were lying in wounded condition on roadside, but none helped them.
Anyhow they managed to reach the hotel and told the whole story to the officers. The Agra police registered the case and began to investigate the matter. Police has detained some people to quiz them about the incident. The 4 chief accused are being searched. The victim tourists have been admitted in Apollo hospital in Delhi.

Sushma Swaraj, Foreign Minister India, expressed her resentment over the matter and asked a report from UP Government.


Union Tourism Minister Alfons Kannthnam’s statements came after the statement: 'that India is insecure for foreign tourists'. He said on brutality over the Swiss couple in Fatehpur Sikari UP, “It’s a secure country for tourists; such an incident may happens in the years.”

Alfons Kannathnam has written a letter to Yogi Government to take prompt action about the manhandling incident. Police has claimed the arrest of 5 person in this incident.

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Deaths are not by starvation: Raghubardas CM J'khand

By on Tuesday, October 24, 2017
The political outcry is continuing over the starvation death in Jharkhand. The Ragubardas government is now on back foot.
Ragubardas, CM Jharkhand, has said that the opposition is misleading people and tarnishing the state image. He said that the government schemes were used to facilitate to the middlemen and the corruption, but now the benefits must be in access of last men, so it have been linked to Adhar.
He added that the 99% ration cards have been linked to Adhar, which saved Rs 225 crore. Not only this, Ragubardas has alleged to the opposition that it is indulged in false propaganda.
Ragubardas accepted that 11 lakh ration cards had been cancelled, but 9 lakh ration cards have been issued. The government was intending that the subsidy should be transferred to the Adhar linked accounts. The lower officers have been suspended for the cancellation mistake.
The question is still stand: many people are who have no registered residence, and they are inland migrants to the place; they have no income sources so they or their parents were not able to build a home; they are daily wagers to the place. The question is here who will verify their addresses?
The girl’s death was by illness not by starvation. The man’s death was also by illness. He accepted that the man of Jhariya was poor and was ill since past one month.
He asserted that if the ration cards will be linked to Adhar, the government will save Rs 500 crore. He said Adam Schedule Tribes are still not linked with Adhar, and they are given 35 kg cereals every month by Dkiya Scheme.

Raghubar Das targeted congress. He said that congress rule in the country since past 60 years, why did not eliminated poverty here? Is the responsibility of this also of Modi government?

Sunday, October 22, 2017

Girl gang-raped and murdered in UP

By on Sunday, October 22, 2017
Goons in UP stem up, and the government looks relaxed. Now the election is over in UP, and ‘Man Ki Baat’ for UP also ended. The statement of UP CM ‘we keep on chanting our beads, they rape and kill our daughters both are impossible simultaneously; we will act against them’ appears here unaffected.
In the murder case of 8th standard girl student of Shahjahanpur UP, a day before of pre-Diwali (on Tuesday last week) much astounding post mortem report has been surfaced.
According to the report, she was gang-raped first, her 'private part' sustained injury and her face had bore marks of tooth bitten.
The rapists’ age has been told above 30 years. It is a big question over police that the police was assuming it the mere murder case while they had seized the wine bottles from the spot. However, the kins of deceased girl had been asserting that she was raped brutally.
The incident is from Rauza area where a girl student of 8th standard was gang-raped and brutally murdered. The police was assuming it a murder, but the post mortem report unearthed most shocking news. The autopsy of the dead body was conducted by the three doctors of a panel. According to the doctors, much brutality was done with the girl. Many injury marks sustained on the ‘private part’ of body, which shows the gang-rape was done with the girl. The person may be more than 3 and their age may be above the 30 years.
The body had sustained tooth's marks on the face. A cut mark was found inside the lip of girl, which shows that the scream of girl was restrained resulted into lip cut. That accused identity had been reckoned by her, so they killed her. She was strangulated.
KB Sing, SP Shahjahanpur, said that he was present at the spot late evening after the incident had taken place. The police are investigating the case by the every angle. Some suspected persons are being questioned in the village.

Saturday, October 21, 2017

Firing on UP RSS men; one dead, one injured

By on Saturday, October 21, 2017
An RSS volunteer has been killed in district Ghazipur UP (East). The incident took place when two brothers were in their Shop. The motorcycle borne assailants reached the spot at the hour of  their presence and shot at both. The younger brother sustained serious injuries in this firing where elder brother succumbed to his injuries. Police investigation is still going on.
Rajesh Mishra and his younger brother Amitesh Mishra, chief volunteers of RSS, of village Babhnauli Karanda area under Ghazipur police station were on their building material shop when Pulsar borne assailants shot at the both.
Hearing the gunshot, the area was in the aftermath of fear. However, the nearby locals could understand about the incident; the miscreants, executing these murders, had absconded from the scene. Both sustained serious injuries that the locals taking them rushed to hospital.
Rajesh succumbed to his injuries during treatment while Amitesh condition is serious. According to information, a week ago RSS camp was organized in the area.

The elder brother of Rajesh told that there was never organized RSS camp in Karanda area might be the reason behind the murders. The reasons behind the murders and the assailants are yet to be traced. The report is that the police did not reach the spot till one hour of incident had taken place. The police registered the case and began to search the accused; any way the officers are evading speaking over the matter.

Friday, October 20, 2017

Two mosques targeted in suicide attack; 40 people killed in Afghanistan

By on Friday, October 20, 2017
The suicidal attacks inside two separate mosques at the state capital of Afghanistan have taken place on Friday when at least 40 people have been reportedly killed.
 A suicidal assailant blew up himself inside the mosque during the prayer. At least 30 people have been killed. The most powerful attack in Shiite mosque ‘Imam Zamam’ took place this evening at Kabul.
Exactly before this incident, another suicidal attack took place in the mosque this noon at Ghor province. it is another Shiite Mosque. the security guard told that the 10 people were killed in this attack.
 The injured numbers can increase. However none terrorist organization has taken responsibility of this attack so far.

Thursday, October 19, 2017

Poverty stricken girl died in hunger; administration says it's death by illness

By on Thursday, October 19, 2017

Went to get rice but I was told that no ration will be given to me. My daughter died saying 'Bhat-bhat'-Koyli Devi, girl's mother

Mithilesh Sinha; Ranchi
The photo shows the woman is not a migrant, and her looks is not the scene of a film directed by Satyajit Ray. The story is real and the incident has taken place in Jharkhand.
An 11 year old girl succumbed to her hunger in Simdega district of Jharkhand. The government of Raghubar Das is facing ebb of critcism since this incident took place. The causes behind this incident were told that the ration card had been disappeared somewhere; so the girl was not given food under PDS consequently she died in hunger.
The minister's eyes blinked late; and in defense, he condemned the laxity of officers. Mr Saryu Rai said that the chief secretary had ordered through the video conferencing to cancel the ration cards of those holders who had no 'ADHAR'. According to Indian Express, Saryu Rai said that he had appealed to his officers not to cancel for the non-linking of 'ADHAR' with the ration cards.
The chief minister, Raghubar Das, had ordered to DC of Simdega, Manjunath Bhajantri, to investigate the matter of child death by hunger. DC said on child’s hunger death that he had visited the village Kalimati where the mother of deceased girl, Koiri Devi, was not present, but the deceased girl’s elder mother, Tehri Nayak, told that Santoshi was telling the pain in body and head.
Dr Narayan Singh, RMP, had advised after her diagnosis that she had been suffering from Malaria. Aunt, Sumitee Devi had told that Santoshi was downed by fever since last 15 days. DC told that the conversation with the kin concluded that the girl died by illness, not by hunger.
Minister said the order of Chief Secretary is contempt of Supreme Court order. Since the apex Court had said in its order that the government cannot deprived anybody from the benefit of ration provided if  no ‘ADHAR’ they have. He has also said that he has not been reckoned in spite of being departmental minister.
11 years old Santoshi died while facing the poverty in the remote block, Jaldega under Simdega. Santoshi was the girl who belonged to very poor family; the poverty had pushed her into the cattle grazing, while she had to leave her study. she was given the evening food in lieu of goat grazing, but she was not going on her goat grazing work because of her illness, which resulted her of no food even the period of these evenings. The cereal was not given to her family since last 7 months. The ration dealer had lost her ration card; and consequently no further ration card was issued.

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

PM Modi inaugurated AIIA on Ayurveda Day

By on Wednesday, October 18, 2017
MohdAhzam; New Delhi
The Prime Minister Narendra Modi has dedicated All India Institute of Ayurveda to the country on Tuesday this week. The institute has been launched on Ayurveda day situated at Sarita Vihar in New Delhi. The institute has been built exactly as AIIMS. The cost is Rs 157 crore.
PM Modi greeted to the country on the occasion of Dipawali. PM Modi said, “Whoever may do how much effort for the country, but they must not forget their history. The person going forward, leaving the legacy behind, lose their identity.”
"Our country was prospering very much in the past era; the outsider began to destroy jointly whatever was the great with us. As we got freedom from slavery, we could not have protected our history since then. Our government is on the move to add the legacy in the past 3 years.
Ayurveda is not just a treatment system; it assimilates social health and cultural health. PM said that the every district of this country should have Ayurveda Hospital – the government is working in this direction.
PM Said, “Whoever comes studying Ayurveda today, whether they stay in this field 100%?” He said that the Ayurveda can be introduced in Sports.”
AIIA has been erected in the 10 acre land and the cost input has been 157 crore. It is a hospital that has got recognition by NABH and it has academic blocks.

The Ministry of AYUSH has established this first ever institution in the country, which will work onto make compatibility of modern technique between Ayurveda and treatment.

Friday, October 13, 2017

Trend of opposition murder is dangerous: Bombay High court

By on Friday, October 13, 2017

Sharad Dubey;Mumbai
Bombay High Court, talking about the murder of senior journalist Gauri Lankesh of  Banglore, has said that it is an endangering instinct to eliminate all the opposition and liberal values – and it is going to tarnish the image of country. The bench of SC Dharmadhikari J. and Bharti Dangre J., hearing a writ petition, has commented so.
The writ petition has appealed with the court to investigate the monitoring of murder of elites Govind Pansare and Narendra Dabholkar. The Court said, “ The liberal values and the thoughts have no respect. The people are being targeted constantly for their liberal principles. Not only just thinkers, but also any person or the organization which believes in liberal principles can be target. It is like that, 'as if I’m opposed, I eliminate that opposing person'.”
The bench said, “The murder of all the oppositions is dangerous trend. It is tarnishing the image of country. The CBI and Maharashtra Crime Investigation Branch filed to the probe report to the court in connection with the murder of Dabholkar and Pansare respectively. The bench said that the officers’ progress to reach to solid conclusion has been failure so far. The bench has said that the investigating agency’s effort is real, but the fact is that the main accused is absconded and one more precious life is being targeted in a time interval.
The court said that one more precious life was killed, as a liberal thought woman journalist was murdered in an ill-fate incident in Bangalore

The bench said that the investigating agencies should change and rethink their investigating path and must use the technical equipment to catch the accused.

Thursday, October 12, 2017

Russian tourist's ATM pin locked;begged outside TN temple while wandering

By on Thursday, October 12, 2017

A Russian tourist was begging outside the temple, Sri Kumarkottam, in Kanchipuram Tamilnadu. Evangelin, 25, was on his journey to South India; meanwhile his ATM pin had been locked. he had no way for the incidental expenses; consequently he was in pressure to beg outside the temple.
Taking media report in cognizance, Indian foreign minister has assured to help Evenglin.
Sushma Swaraj, foreign minister, said, “Evengelin, your country is our tested close friend. our officers will help you in Chennai.”
This Russian tourist landed in India on 25th September and he was in Kanchipuram on Tuesday this week. after a while visiting to some temples he visited nearby ATM. The required money was not dispensed by ATM because of his pin had locked.
As he was in confusion there, he adopted the way to beg outside the temple.

The locals reported this incident to police. Police reached to the spot at temple and took him to police station. The police gave a sum of rupees to him after inspecting all the documents and suggested him to go to Chennai.

Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Efforts to tax reform bowed before voters

By on Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Whether it was a failure of strategy; or failure of implementation; or failure of hurry; or failure of public faith

It was a boom in tax reform of Indian history 3 months ago when it was imposed midnight of 1st July 2017. The logic behind this implementing taxation was that the  development rate  would accelerate forward; the government income would increase; the price hike would be controlled.
The concept behind it before implementing was that the BJP leaders were assuming that the maximum business were out from the tax range which can be achieved after the least concession and would be rectified by the hard GST
The GST, abiding three months time, stood by head leaving all the provisions of basic reform. To assess the causes is not a tough task because the vote base is the need of the time than tax base. The government was so vulnerable that it implemented those changes in GST which had no need. GST is now handicapped, moreover high taxes whatever chief reforms were implemented has been withdrawn.
In the 22nd meet, the GST council implemented two main change – first,the composition scheme under GST has been enhanced time limit; second, the monthly base reform has been revised and implemented on quarterly tax return for the business of Rs 1.5 crore.
The monthly return was the base of GST, by it the bills of business had to be matched. The tax pilfering was to be scrutinized. The businessmen had to be compelled to abide to do their business on reality and bills, and input tax credit was to be paid regularly.
The 90% of businesses are now out of monthly return monitoring scanner after quarterly filing implementation again came enforce as earlier; mere 10% big businessmen will submit their monthly return. It is not to be surprising that the 10% big businessmen will even be relaxed from the filing of monthly return. as if their suppliers file quarterly return, the monthly filing of these businessmen will be impractical.
The regular input tax credit appears hard to be paid, which was important to slash the input cost of business.
Even other GST provision including E-waybill has been set aside for long term, which was important for the business transparency.
At least once in a year  the tax rate was used to revise . The GST council has changed the tax rate on goods and service three times in three months and there will be kept on changing in the wake of election pressure. Here’s a big uncertainty in tax rate now.
Here the treasury of Union and State governments both may face revenue crisis in the disturbance of quarterly return, composition scheme, and tax rates.
Which hardship it was changed in -- All the provisions to bring it had been prepared exactly 3 months ago for the GST? It was advised to government then there should be talked these provisions to industries and business and there were need of more time to prepare this tax provisions, as other countries had followed before implementing it.
Why was date of 1st July determined to implement the GST? While it could have implemented it till September 15 with all the preparation. It could have achieved more time to prepare a gateway to the businessmen in the new tax reform system and to correct the software of GST. Who is responsible for the damage incur within 3 months to the economy of country?
It was well known that GST was not tested and it has no  satisfactory beginning in spite of this, 90% businessmen were brought in this range whose digital literacy are weak.
What the affect had gone over the industries and business by implementing GST was most probable to affect over the economy of country
Why did not gave the priority to reform under tax structure of VAT and excise by the Union Government before implementing the GST?
Why the inclusion of petrol and diesel in the range of GST was rejected during 3 months when its formation was going on, which is now infused in the knowledge.

GST was a big and important reform, which earlier in hurry and later in fear of election -- the government has lost. There is no reform in the 3 months of GST journey – mere remaining of this revolution is! the tax which is more than earlier on service and goods.

Sunday, October 08, 2017

Decomposed body of 75 years old found in home after 45 days of death

By on Sunday, October 08, 2017

Minakshi Reddy; Hyderbad
Rahul Sankrityayan had written in his book against slavery ‘Tumhari Chhay Ho’. he told Indian slavery that in ancient India, there were many  markets of selling slaves. The children of a family were sold someone else; mother some different other person; and father some different other. So the slaves were then not sure if they would meet again their family.
It is in trend that the parents afford their sons and daughters to get better education and go abroad in search of jobs; while they stay at their native land. The family children go to abroad, where they do not able to care their old age parents. Meanwhile their status isolates them their other close ones and relatives.
It was not less than a horrifying scene just seeing the body which was inside. A shocking news of an incident surfaced in Rock town area of Hyderabad. Here an old age body which was decaying till 45 days on insensibility of own family children was found. The family of this man was in USA leaving here them alone. When the deceased did not respond the calls, the family members reached to home.
Actually, Laxmi Narain Murti,75, was the resident of Sai Maruti Residency in Hyderabad. He had died 45 days ago after slipping in Washroom as a lizard came under his foot. His wife had gone to her two daughters based in America and the deceased was alone here in her absence.
The phone calls were not received till many days, wife and daughters began to care about their old husband and father. Both reached two days ago to Hyderabad. As they entered inside by breaking the door, his decomposed body was found.
According to policem, Laxmi Narain died about 18th August. It was his last when he did not respond to the wife and daughters’ call. Kashi Reddy, Inspector LB Nagar Hyderabad, told, “The old deceased was succumbed to his injury by the slipping in Washroom. A dead lizard was found near leg of Murthy."

He said, “He may have slipped as his foot impression was on the lizard and he got injury blow after colliding in his head from the wall."  


By on Sunday, October 08, 2017

On 3rd November 2017

Sonakshi Sinha and Sidharth Mehrotra’s upcoming film Ittefaq’s trailer has been launch. Both actors are in different appearance. 
Not only that Akshay Khanna has played an impression of emphatic performance in this 2 minutes trailer. The story of film hangs over around the murder mystery and a big effort through the trailer has been done that the public must reach to theater to solve this murder mystery.
The charecters of Sonakshi and Sidharth’s have been introduced in the beginning of trailer. Sidharth is in Vikram’s role where Sonakshi is Maya. they will not be looked as  couple in, but the duology appear splendid. the trailer come with two murders mystery which has to be solved by detective Dev. How will he solve this mystery? how about is lying -- Sidharth and Maya?  who and why did these murders, this trailer leaves you alone  with all the posing questions. to find the reply now the movie will have to be seen.
It is noticeable that this movie is remake of Ittefaq, a cult classic directed by Yash Chopra’s Film during the decade of 70’s. Rajesh Khanna and Nanda were the starring role in this movie. Abhay Chopra is now directing this movie. Abhay is the grandson of Film Maker BR Chopra. Karan Johar and Shahrukh Khan have shook hand. The movie is being directed under the banner of Dharma Production and Red Chilies.

Friday, October 06, 2017

UP Industrial Minister gave assurance of many helps for Indian and Foreign Investors

By on Friday, October 06, 2017

UP Industrial Minister, Satish Mahana, has announced on Wednesday this week that to speed up the industrialization in the state and to get the industrialists rid of from the unnecessary hard toiling, the industrial services are to be included into Janhit Guarantee Act.
This will enable the industrialist to get the clearance, the license and no objection certificate easily within the stipulated time from the departments.
Mahana was apprising with the achievement of department within last six months at Tilak Hall in state capital. He said, “Since last one and half decade it is first time when the industry department is in priority of government. Yogi Aditya Nath has given a separate minister for this department. Our top priorities are to establish the industries rapidly in the state.”
He added, “The government has stopped Samsung Company from leaving the state and gave the approval of project worth Rs 4915 crore. Rs 372 crore project of INTEX Co. has been approved. This created employments for 8254 people.”

The state government has implemented this new industrial policy within 100 days of government took power in the state, which has attracted the investor toward this state from India and abroad. Here have visited business delegations from Japan and Finland. What we have done will result early?

Thursday, October 05, 2017

Pulse Farmers: Custodians of Fertility, Water and Climate-friendly Agriculture

By on Thursday, October 05, 2017
Pulse prices are raging in Indian markets, leading to outrage from urban customers. Newspapers are full of coverage, cartoons and puns on pulse prices. The fate of rural population facing successive droughts which has to buy pulses is better left to imagination. If some benefits of this price hike were to reach actual pulse farmers, it would have been some consolation. But for now, as Pulse farmer Ashok Pawar from Osmanabad tells me, the Tur (Arhar/Pigeon Pea) that is in the market is last year’s. It was sold to the middle men (Adatya in Marathi) and market committee at a low rate as the production was dismal due to late rains and drought followed by unseasonal rainfall. This happened in 2013 too. Tur from 2014 is now being sold at a record price, the farmer watches this helplessly.
Same is the story told by Sachin Gavali, a young farmer and student who had planted Udad and Moong in part of his field in the drought-struck Latur district of Maharashtra this year. He received low price for his Udad even this year as he sold early and because the production was low. 
Due to the severe drought, pulse production has fallen to such an extent that from an acre, Ashok Bhau got only 1-1.5 Quintals of Udad, which can be sold at 11,000 Rs. now. Although 11,000 is much higher than the MSP, it does not make a difference as the production is extremely low. Sachin is sadder because he could not make even that much. He had to sell at Rs. 8000 per quintal in early October.
Both have sugarcane on their fields too and Ashok Bhau says he will continue to irrigate sugarcane, a 100% irrigated crop, even if that means less production of Tur or the remnant udad and moong in his field. Per acre, sugarcane will give him assured 30,000 Rs as profit when profit from pulses is about 7000-8000 Rs per acre.
Although pulses are hardy crops and need little water, they do need water in times of stress. With farmers diverting irrigation to crops with assured returns, how will pulse production grow? Without incentives to the farmer, any growth in pulses at this time will be at the cost of the farmer, who has been subsiding urban customers enough already.
Even as pulse prices rage around us, the fact that farmers are not secure with pulses points to a number of issues. 
While pulses, in the form on split dals or legumes are the primary source of protein for Indians when about 80% Indians suffer from insufficient protein intake, pulse production has recorded less than one percent annual growth during the past 40 years. This is less than half of the growth rate in Indian human population (India’s Pulse Scenario, National Food Security Mission). The productivity rise is not spectacular either. Per capita net pulse availability has declined from around 60 grams per day in the 1950s to 40 grams in the 1980s and further to around 35 grams per day in 2000s (NFSM)

Decline in Pules production: According to the 4th Agricultural estimates brought out by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Pulse production in 2014-15 has come down to 17.2 million tons as against the target of 19.5 million tons. In 2013-14 it was 19.25 Million Tons. Even in the drought of 2012-13, the production was more than this year at 18.34 tons. Main reasons behind the decline are drought in pulse-growing zones, affecting Kharip Pulses (mainly Udad and Moong) and unseasonal rains affecting Rabi pulses like Masur and Gram. More than 80% area under pulses in India does not have protective irrigation cover and vagaries of rainfall are catastrophic, especially for Kharip pulses, which have a short growing span. India’s pulse production is nowhere close to its demand. Imports of pulses are increasing year after year, at a huge cost.
India is the biggest producer of pulses accounting for 24.5 per cent share of pulse production in the world. Other major producers of pulses in the world are Myanmar (7.3 per cent), Canada (7.2 per cent), China (6.4 per cent), Brazil (5.1 per cent), Nigeria (3.9 per cent), USA (3.2 per cent), Australia (3.1 per cent) and Ethiopia (2.9 per cent) (FAO Stats).  
State-wise area and production Major pulse-producing Indian states are the ones which face maximum droughts and depend heavily on rain fed agriculture.
Maharashtra tops the area and production of Tur or Pigeon Pea at an average of 11.34 Lakh Hectares or 30% area and production of 8.3 Lakh tons or 32.9% of the country. It is followed by Karnataka, but the difference is nearly double in terms of area and production.
Uttar Pradesh leads in Udad production planted over 4.9 Lakh hectares, giving 2.6 Lakh Tons production. It is closely followed by Maharashtra.
Rajasthan leads in Moong production at around 9.5 Lakh Hectares, producing about 3.5 Lakh Tons. Again followed by Maharashtra. Karnataka leads in Horse gram Production, followed by Odisha.
In terms of Rabi crops mainly Chickpea, Madhya Pradesh leads the country with 30 lakh hectares area, which is 35% of the country and 29.2 Lakh Tons production,  38.5% of the country. It is followed by Maharashtra. On the whole, Rajasthan leads in Kharip Pulse project closely followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh while Madhya Pradesh leads in Rabi Pulse production with over 38 Lakh Hectares followed by Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Within the states, pulses are grown on rainfed, light soils with meager irrigation cover. For example in Maharashtra, which is one of the leading producers, Vidarbha region has 40% area and 40% production of pulses, followed by Marathwada which accounts for 35% area and 35% production of pulses. Most of this area is rain-fed. (Kelkar Committee Report 2013)
Area (million hectares)
Production (million tonnes)
Yield (kg./ hectares)
Above: Area, Prodcution and Yeild of Pulses in India since 1980s Source: Ministry of Agriculture
Import of Pulses: Because of thae largest consumption and decreased production, India is thelargest importer of pulses too. The imports increased from 2.2 million tons to 3.8 million tonnes in 2012-13. In value terms, the imports of total Pulses have increased from US $ 0.7 billion in 2001-02 to US $ 2.3 billion in 2012-13, around 12,000 Crores! 
 Why are pulses still risky? So logically, if pulses need little water, little processing, fetch such great prices, are always in demand and if we are losing so much of foreign exchange on buying pulses from countries like Canada, Myanmar and Australia, why are farmers not planting more of pulses? Why is area and quantity of sugarcane produced increasing in leaps and bounds, when it needs huge amounts of water, fertilizers and not even a food crop and whose production exceeds our needs, but production of pulses is declining and area under pulses is growing at a snail’s pace? Why is it that sugar, a hugely water intensive product, both in cultivation and processing, costs about 28 Rs./ kg in market, but gives the farmer an assured return of about 20,000 Rs/ acre, when pulses, which do not need water or intensive fertilisers, are processed only primarily and cost about 150 Rs/Kg still give the farmer a paltry 7000-8000 Rs/acre? How can any radical shift to pulses happen in such circumstances?
These are some perplexing questions, with no easy answers.
But look at it from the prism of water resources, low-input, sustainable agriculture and marginal farmers, and you cannot have a better mascot of sustainability than pulses.
Water: First of all, pulses need limited water, in fact, more water ruins production. Most Kharif pulses like Udad and Moong have shallow root zones, while Tur has slightly deeper rooting and makes it tough enough to withstand droughts. As compared with sugarcane, pulses need about 20 times less water. Almost all area under pulses in India is rain fed. For example, in Maharashtra, pulses are grown over 16.8% of the Gross cropped area, but only 3.8 Lakh hectares of this area is irrigated, which takes just 3.4% share in irrigation water. Compare this with sugarcane which is grown over just 4% area, but is 100% irrigated and takes 71.5% of irrigation water in the state.
While pulses do not need excessive irrigation, they depend on monsoon rainfall and some winter rains. Water is crucial in branching, flowering and pod forming stages, absence of which directly hits production. Ashok Bhau has got only 1 quintal of udad per acre this year, as rains did not come when his crop needed it. Unlike sugarcane, pulses are also vulnerable and unable to withstand too much gap between waterings and will entirely wilt off in the absence of water. This was the reason why pulse production dropped in 2014 when Marathwada and Vidarbha received just about 20% average rains in June. Being short duration crops, they are also more susceptible to extreme weather events,  so excessive and heavy rains in August 2014 again meant resounding losses to pulse farmers. Climate change is a reality for India, its not a matter of conjecture. Rainfall has been erratic, unseasonable rainfall events have been on a rise since the past 5-6 years, hitting the ephemeral pulse production badly. 
Is there no way out from this?
Protective Irrigation: Marathwada grows sugarcane on 2.3 lakh hectares of land. If 50% of this is converted into drip or other non water intensive crops, it would mean 2161.2 MCMwater available, which if supplied to provide protective irrigation to pulses, will mean 21.6 lakh hectares additional to area under irrigated pulses.  Even if we assume that this area was already under rain-fed Tur with rainfed yield of 750 kg/ha, the net additional production possible with this irrigation is 1.6 Million Tons or additional income of Rs 70,500 million. This is also close to the target of increasing pulse production by 2 million tonnes of the National Food Security Mission. 
This is a hypothetical case. While sugarcane has to be brought under drip, sugarcane farmer will not agree to shift to pulses completely. Why should she/he give up sugarcane which gives assured returns, even if the returns are shrouded in conflicts and struggles?  Pulses have never given even comparable returns as against sugarcane to the farmer. If we expect a shift to happen, pricing and procurement policy of pulses should reflect their true value.
To enable this shift, drip has to be heavily supported, like it is being done in Solapur right now through the efforts of Collector Tukaram Mundhe. But it will also require better groundwater legislation, better Climate Change Action Plan, robust and honest Crop Insurance to guard farmers against losses in time of extreme weather events. That will not happen unless the government recognises the invaluable services that pulse farmers are providing, & reward them for the same. The fertiliser, power and irrigation subsidy that state provides to a sugarcane farmer is more than Rs 10,000 per capita per year and government needs to seriously consider such subsidy to the pulses farmer too. 
According to Former CACP Chair Mr. Ashok Gulati, the capital costs of irrigating one hectare of land in Maharashtra lie somewhere around 6.6 Lakh rupees (they would be much higher realistically, thanks to multiple cost escalations). According to the White Paper on Finances by the Government of Maharashtra (2015), in the year 2013-14 the cost of electricity given to farm pumps, borne by the government is 3695 Crores. 46% of this subsidy flows only to 5 districts, with Solapur cornering maximum subsidy.
Rain-fed pulse farmers do not get a part of the irrigation funding, nor have the privilege of the electricity subsidy. By not being a part of these, they save huge amounts of public money, while producing the most important protein source.
It will be smart move by the government to provide direct incentives to pulse farmers, not limited to the measly MSP, which though increased over the years, never reaches the farmer and is not enough in the first place.
Pulses are Climate Friendly: India just published its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) in tackling challenges of Climate Change, ahead of the Paris Climate Change Negotiations. While promoting newer, and supposedly “cleaner” technologies, we continue to neglect the strong contribution that dryland farmers, forest dwelling communities, fisher-folk have been making for years while eking out a very modest living. We are willing to spend thousands of crores in Climate Friendly technologies, but are not ready to acknowledge, incentivise and encourage these groups.
Nitrogen Connection Most of the cash crops receive NPK fertilizers, in which N stands for Nitrogen. These fertilizers are produced mainly from Natural gas and their production is energy intensive with a high on carbon footprint, they are also subsidised. When Nitrogen-rich fertilizers are applied to soils, soil microorganisms convert some of this nitrogen to nitrous oxide, a gas which can escape to the atmosphere. Nitrous oxide is a powerful greenhouse gas; with 298 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide[ii]. India is the third largest Nitrous Oxide emitter in the world, following China and United States. However, Pulses need no nitrogen application as they themselves fix atmospheric nitrogen into the soil!
This means that a pulse-growing farming is not only taking less water from the system and using less energy, she/he is also emitting less greenhouse gases and is in fact, enriching the soil with nitrogen. These nitrogen-fixing  benefits can be passed on, ranging upto 31-97 kg/ha to the soil for next succeeding crop.
Even in terms of processing, Pulses need only de-husking and separation into dals, a primary process which is less energy intensive, than say, sugar factories, which not only consume power but also pollute water resources. The husk is a valuable cattle feed, tells Ashok Bhau. The processing can and should happen at village level itself, so that it provides additional employment and value addition at the village level. 
Because of their low input nature, pulses are the crop of marginal farmers who are not able to appropriate either subsides or water from the system and save thousands of crore rupees per year. But what is the support that they are getting from our welfare state?
Is the MSP reaching farmers? According to 2014-15 CACP report, although MSP of pulses have been raised on paper, it is meaningless as hardly any procurement happens from farmers. Two most important procurement agencies of the Government of India namely FCI and NAFED were set up with the main objectives of procuring notified commodities at MSP, if and when the market prices go below MSP. “These agencies have been in the existence for over 50 years and 30 years respectively. Yet, the benefits of MSP bypass a large section of farmers, rendering the pricing policy and procurement operations ineffective.” (CACP, 2015)
Ask the farmer about this and a dismal picture arises. Sachin says they hear about MSP only in newspapers and on the TV, not in  agri produce mandis where pulses are sold. Ashok Bhau talks about the sheer exploitation that happens at the hands of middle men and “Adte” while fixing the price of pulses, playing on farmer’s need for immediate cash. As highlighted by this episode of Truth Vs Hype where SANDRP contributed, Government is conspicuous by its total absence in these mandis where farmers sell their produce.
Now contrast this with the struggle for FRP (Fair Remunerative Price) and government interventions, for the sake of sugarcane farmers. Even the Prime Minister has had to engage with the sugarcane FRP discussion. Pulse farmers have never received such attention from the system. This is despite the fact that Prime Minister Modi himself, during his address at the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) said in 2014“The poor get their requirement of protein from pulses. Take it as a challenge that in a few years there will be no need to bring edible oils and pulses from outside. This is a national challenge and it must be taken up as a priority.”
What is true about pulses, also holds true for Oilseeds, wherein too India is a huge importer. In the case of oilseeds (edible oils) India  imported  a record US$ 11.2 billion (Rs 61,106 crore) worth of edible oils in 2012-13 (16.2 percent jump from last year) and US$ 2.3 billion (Rs 12,730 crore) worth of pulses (an increase of 28.4 percent as compared to last year).(CACP 2015)
According to the CACP report: “Lack of robust and dependable procurement machinery for oilseeds and pulses do not enthuse farmers to diversify towards these crops as NAFED has not been able to procure significant quantities of pulses and oilseeds. Unless some credible measures to strengthen procurement of these commodities are taken, farmers of other countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia will continue to benefit at the cost of Indian farmers. The Commission recommends to radically restructure NAFED so as to enable it to accomplish its main objective function of procurement of pulses and oilseeds if and when market prices go below their respective MSPs.”